Shtilman Yefim Yosypovych
The first Head of the Department of Artificial Structures of our Institute.
He developed and implemented the new structures and methods of construction and repair of bridges.
PATH OF LIFE
He was born in Kyiv in 1913.
There is not much information about his life, but it is known that before the Great Patriotic War he graduated from the Kyiv Civil Engineering Institute, and after his graduation he worked as an Engineer in the bridge industry.
In 1941 he was drafted into the army of the Soviet Union, namely to the 90th separate machine-building battalion. During the Great Patriotic War he was awarded many orders and medals: "Patriotic War", The "Red Star", "Meritorious Service Award", "For Victory over Germany", "For Winning Koenigsberg". He was wounded in the battle. In 1945 he was demobilized.
In 1950 Yefim Shtilman defended his dissertation on the topic "The use of light algomineral alloys in road structures", and since 1953 he has headed the Department of Artificial Structures of our Institute.
The first scientific developments under his leadership were related to increasing the service life of wooden bridges. Structural measures have been developed to protect wooden bridges from wear and rot. In addition, the construction of bridges with flooded approaches was investigated. Such solutions allowed saving significant capital investments.
In 1950, the studies of small span bridges and stone arches began. During this period, the developments on the application of local materials under the direction of Yefim Shtilman began, dealing with: limestone solutions, ground blast furnace slag, and ceramics. In the period of 1950-1955, the designs of small bridges with metal and reinforced concrete spans were developed and implemented. Since 1958, the work has begun on the creation of string concrete span structures, both ribbed and of slabs. After 2 years, the mass production of these structures began on the stands of the landfill in the village of Chapaiivka.
A considerable amount of scientific research under the leadership of Yefim Shtilman was aimed at studying the operation of composite beams with cast joints. Yefim Shtilman actively studied new types of waterproofing of the bridge deck, the protection of reinforcement from corrosion. It was during this period that all the preconditions for the deployment of mass industrial production of bridge structures were created.
In 1955 he received the title of Senior Researcher.
He is the author of 156 scientific articles and 10 scientific books.
- MYKOLA PAVLOVYCH SHULGIN
- PETRO MYKOLAIOVYCH KOVAL
- BORYS SAMOILOVYCH RADOVSKYI
- ANATOLII ANDRIIOVYCH RYBALCHENKO
- EHOROV SERHII VIKTOROVYCH
- VYROZHEMSKYI VALERII KOSTIANTYNOVYCH
- VOLODKO VASYL PAVLOVYCH
- NAHAICHUK VASYL MYKHAILOVYCH
- KUCHMA MYKHAILO IVANOVYCH
- SASKO MYKOLA FEDOROVYCH
- MISHCHENKO MYKHAILO LEONIDOVYCH
- Choborovska Iryna Stepanivna
- LYTVYNENKO ANATOLII SEMENOVYCH
- KYRYCHENKO LIUBOV FEDORIVNA
- PAVLENKO VALERII OLEXANDROVYCH
- DUKHOVNYI ISAAC ZELYKOVYCH
- ZABYSHNYI OLEKSANDR STEPANOVYCH
- TARASENKO LEONID PETROVYCH
- MARTYNENKO LEONID SERHIIOVYCH