MYKOLA PAVLOVYCH SHULGIN
An outstanding Ukrainian scientist.
First Minister of Transport of Ukraine.
He built about 70,000 km of new roads.
Founder of the full cycle of road construction
WAY OF LIFE
Mykola Shulgin was born December 19, 1915 in a large family in St. Petersburg, and in 1917 his family moved to Donetsk. After graduating from the Stalin Construction Technical School, he rose rapidly by the career ladder. From 1931 to 1934 he worked as a digger, armature worker, foreman, technician, and senior technician in construction departments of Donbass and Zaporizhzhia.
In 1934 he became a senior foreman of the Ivanovo Machinery and Tractor Station (MTS) in the Saratov region of the RSFSR. After that, from 1934 to 1940 he worked as a designer, senior designer of the research sector and design bureau of the Industrial Institute, head of the group for designing and reconstruction of mines of the designing office of “Donbasvuhillia” Coal Trust, deputy head of the construction department of “Donbasvuhleproekt” designing office.
During these years he completed three courses of Mining Faculty of Stalin Mining Institute, after that he studied at Moscow Institute of Civil Engineers on the Industrial and Civil Engineering Faculty. And already in 1939 he graduated from the Moscow Institute of Civil Engineers.
From 1940 to 1943 he fought in WWII, having passed the whole war as a sergeant. In the ranks of the Red Army he served as a clerk, senior reconnaissance observer of the artillery control battery, head of the calculation team of the headquarter of 100th howitzer artillery Sevsky Brigade on the North-Western, Central, Belarusian, and 1st Belarusian fronts of war.
In 1943 he joined the CPSU (b) and in 1945 was appointed chief engineer of “Oblkomunproekt” designing office of Stalin region. From 1950 till 1953 he was deputy chairman of the Executive Committee of Stalin City Council of Workers' Deputies. In 1953 he worked on the position of First Deputy Chairman of the Executive Committee of Stalin City Council of Workers' Deputies of Stalin Region, and 6 years later, in 1959 he was raised to 2nd Secretary of Stalin City Committee of the CPU of Stalin Region. One year later, in 1960, he became deputy chairman of the Executive Committee of Stalin Regional Council of Workers' Deputies.
In 1960-1968 he was the First Secretary of Donetsk City Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine. During these years, M. Shulgin was engaged in landscaping of the city. His idea and practical implementation was the creation of "Donetskproekt" - a scientific research institute that focused on urban development planning.
After establishment of Ministry of Construction and Operation of Roads in November 1968 and until April 29, 1987 he worked on the position of Minister of Construction and Operation of Roads of USSR. During his period of work as the Minister, a major improvement of the infrastructure of Ukraine was carried out, namely:
- The main road network of Ukraine was formed;
- Approaches to district centers and railway stations were built;
- Approaches to collective and state farms were built;
- Highways were reconstructed and wooden bridges were reconstructed;
- The branch of mechanical engineering and the industry of road-building materials, structures and products have been developed;
- A number of social infrastructure facilities have been created;
- A number of qualified personnel have been trained.
Generally during the period of M. Shulgin activity 68,138 km of roads were put into operation.
Also Mykola Shulgin paid great attention to the development of branch science. Thanks to his initiative the preparation work started for creation of a special road research institute, for separation it from the State Road Scientific Research Institute (DerzhavtoshliakhNDI) which was quite complicated at that time. And thanks to his active cooperation and assistance the State Road Research Institute (DerzhsliakhNDI) of the Ministry of Road Construction of the USSR was established in 1970, which is called State Road Research Institute (DerzhdorNDI) now.
Mykola Shulgin was awarded the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Great Patriotic War of 1st and 2nd degrees, the Order of Red Banner of Labor, and medals. He was also awarded the title of State Prize Laureate of the Ukrainian SSR in the area of science and technology for the creation and implementation of machines for asphalt pavements recovery - thermal profilers machines.
Mykola Shulgin passed away October 9, 1995.
- PETRO MYKOLAIOVYCH KOVAL
- BORYS SAMOILOVYCH RADOVSKYI
- ANATOLII ANDRIIOVYCH RYBALCHENKO
- EHOROV SERHII VIKTOROVYCH
- VYROZHEMSKYI VALERII KOSTIANTYNOVYCH
- VOLODKO VASYL PAVLOVYCH
- NAHAICHUK VASYL MYKHAILOVYCH
- KUCHMA MYKHAILO IVANOVYCH
- Shtilman Yefim Yosypovych
- SASKO MYKOLA FEDOROVYCH
- MISHCHENKO MYKHAILO LEONIDOVYCH
- Choborovska Iryna Stepanivna
- LYTVYNENKO ANATOLII SEMENOVYCH
- KYRYCHENKO LIUBOV FEDORIVNA
- PAVLENKO VALERII OLEXANDROVYCH
- DUKHOVNYI ISAAC ZELYKOVYCH
- ZABYSHNYI OLEKSANDR STEPANOVYCH
- TARASENKO LEONID PETROVYCH
- MARTYNENKO LEONID SERHIIOVYCH