ZABYSHNYI OLEKSANDR STEPANOVYCH
Theoretically substantiated the criteria for determination of unsatisfactory road factors impact on the traffic accidents occurrence.
He had developed the schemes of I-b, II and III categories for at-grade road interchanges which are widely implemented in practice.
PATH OF LIFE
Oleksandr Zabyshnyi was born on May 10, 1939 in Kyiv region.
In 1962 he had graduated from the Kyiv Automobile and Road Institute (KADI) with the degree in Economics, and in 1963 he entered the same Institute (KADI) with the degree in Motor Roads, which he had graduated from in 1966 and entered the postgraduate course at that time .
In 1971, after graduating from the Road Design Department of KADI, he was assigned to the position of a Senior Researcher at our Institute.
In 1971-1973 he was an Editor-in-Chief of the “Dorozhnyk” Board Bulletin.
In 1976 he defended his dissertation “Research of the problem of optimal tracing of roads” and obtained the PhD title.
In 1978 he was transferred to the position of Traffic Safety Division Head and since 1980 he had been the Head of the Traffic Safety Department. In 1982 he obtained the title of a Senior Researcher.
In the period 1980-1985 he headed the scientific research performed by our Institute and the Road Design Department of KADI by the development of a comprehensive target program for traffic arrangement and improving of traffic safety on the roads of the Ukrainian SSR.
With his active participation, the Traffic Safety Department together with the State Traffic Inspectorate (DAI) developed a methodology for evaluation of traffic conditions from the point of view of traffic safety, on the basis of which local road organizations identified the black spots areas. The regularity of different types of traffic accidents by their kilometer locations was revealed and a system of measures to improve traffic safety in black spots areas was developed, which allowed to identify such areas, prescribe measures, analyze and summarize the results of traffic safety. This very development was awarded a bronze medal in 1987 at the All-Union Exhibition of Economic Achievements (VDNKh). Later, this system of measures was implemented in road practice and improved traffic conditions. It was the close contact of science with production that contributed to the achievement of positive results.
It should be emphasized significant role of Oleksandr Zabyshnyi in the theoretical substantiation of the criteria for determination of unsatisfactory road factors impact on the traffic accidents occurrence. These criteria were the basis for the development of the branch standard of Ukraine “Traffic safety. Public roads. The procedure for determination of black spots areas”.
With his participation, an at-grade interchange scheme was developed on the same level with left turns on roads of I-b, II categories and an at-grade interchange on the junctions to the main roads of II-III categories with an additional external lane on the main road for direct traffic and an internal lane for left turn on the junction and turn on the main road. These developments are protected by copyright certificates, and these solutions are widely implemented in practice.
Oleksandr Zabyshnyi is the author of more than 45 scientific articles and a co-author of 2 books in the area of traffic safety.
- MYKOLA PAVLOVYCH SHULGIN
- PETRO MYKOLAIOVYCH KOVAL
- BORYS SAMOILOVYCH RADOVSKYI
- ANATOLII ANDRIIOVYCH RYBALCHENKO
- EHOROV SERHII VIKTOROVYCH
- VYROZHEMSKYI VALERII KOSTIANTYNOVYCH
- VOLODKO VASYL PAVLOVYCH
- NAHAICHUK VASYL MYKHAILOVYCH
- KUCHMA MYKHAILO IVANOVYCH
- Shtilman Yefim Yosypovych
- SASKO MYKOLA FEDOROVYCH
- MISHCHENKO MYKHAILO LEONIDOVYCH
- Choborovska Iryna Stepanivna
- LYTVYNENKO ANATOLII SEMENOVYCH
- KYRYCHENKO LIUBOV FEDORIVNA
- PAVLENKO VALERII OLEXANDROVYCH
- DUKHOVNYI ISAAC ZELYKOVYCH
- TARASENKO LEONID PETROVYCH
- MARTYNENKO LEONID SERHIIOVYCH